Welcome to the dance showcase. International ballroom dances are subdivided into two categories: Latin and Standard. Latin dances are generally characterized by sharp movements involving much hip and foot action. On the other hand, basic steps of Standard dances are largely similar to natural walking motions. Fancy footwork is often required to maintain the graceful flowing movement.

Choose a dance on the right to view detailed information about this dance.

Music samples are available here.
Dance information provided by ballroomdancers.com.
Samba
Description
This rythmic Afro-Brazilian dance has been adapted for modern ballroom dancing around the 1920s. Samba is noted for its distinct style of movement, which incorporates both Latin hip motion and the signature "Samba Bounce". Samba melodies are highly syncopated, featuring call-and-response singing accompanied by a percussion ensemble. Carnival samba, a solo version of the dance, is danced in Brazil carnivals to this day.
Musical Information
Tempo: 48-50 measures per min / 96-100 beats per min
Timing: 2/4
Rhythm: 1 a2, 1 a2 (accent on downbeat)
Syllabus
Newcomer
1. Basic Movement
2. Whisks
3. Samba Walks
4. Rhythm Bounce
5. Volta Movements
6. Traveling Bota Fogos
7. Criss Cross (Shadow) Bota Fogos
Bronze
8. Traveling Bota Fogos
9. Bota Fogos to Promenade Position and Counter Promenade Position
10. Criss Cross Voltas
11. Solo Spot Voltas
12. Foot Changes
13. Shadow Traveling Volta
14. Reverse Turn
15. Corta Jaca
16. Closed Rocks
Silver
17. Open Rocks
18. Back Rocks
19. Plait
20. Rolling Off the Arm
21. Argentine Crosses
22. Maypole
23. Shadow Circular Volta
Gold
24. Contra Bota Fogos
25. Roundabout
26. Natural Roll
27. Reverse Roll
28. Promenade and Counter Promenade Runs
29. Three Step Turn
30. Samba Locks
31. Cruzado Walks and Locks
Cha Cha
Description
An exciting, syncopated Latin dance which originated in the 1950s as a slowed-down Mambo. The Cha Cha gets its name and character from its distinct repetitive foot rhythm. It's fun, energetic, sexy and flirtatious, and is easily distinguished from other dances by its addictive "Step, Step, Cha Cha Cha" timing.
Musical Information
Tempo: 30-32 measures per min / 120-128 beats per min
Timing: 4/4
Rhythm: 2, 3, 4&1, 2, 3, 4&1 (accent on count 1)
Syllabus
Newcomer
1. Basic Movements
2. New York
3. Spot Turns Left and Right
4. Shoulder to Shoulder
5. Hand to Hand
6. Three Cha Chas Forward
7. Side Steps
8. There and Back
9. Time Steps
Bronze
10. Fan
11. Alemana
12. Hockey Stick
13. Natural Top
14. Natural Opening Out
15. Closed Hip Twist
Silver
16. Open Hip Twist
17. Reverse Top
18. Opening Out from Reverse Top
19. Aida
20. Spiral Turns
21. Cross Basic
22. Cuban Breaks
23. Chase
Gold
24. Advanced Hip Twist
25. Hip Twist Spiral
26. Turkish Towel
27. Sweetheart
28. Follow My Leader
29. Foot Changes
Rumba
Description
This slow to medium tempo latin dance stemming from Afro-Cuban folk origins is characterized by sensual, provocative movements and gestures, Latin-style hip motion, and playful and flirtatious interplay between partners.
Musical Information
Tempo: 26-28 measures per min / 104-112 beats per min
Timing: 4/4
Rhythm: 2 3 4 (1), 2 3 4 (1)
Syllabus
Newcomer
1. Basic Movements
2. Cucarachas
3. New York
4. Spot Turns Left and Right
5. Shoulder to Shoulder
6. Hand to Hand
7. Progresive Walks Forward and Back
8. Side Steps
9. Cuban Rocks
Bronze
10. Fan
11. Alemana
12. Hockey Stick
13. Natural Top
14. Opening Out Right and Left
15. Natural Opening Out
16. Closed Hip Twist
Silver
17. Open Hip Twist
18. Reverse Top
19. Opening Out from Reverse Top
20. Aida
21. Spiral Turns (Spiral, Curl, Rope Spinning)
Gold
22. Sliding Doors
23. Fencing
24. Three Threes
25. Three Alemanas
26. Hip Twists
Jive
Description
It is unclear why Jive is considered a Latin dance as it is the international version of American Swing. Jive lacks the acrobatic elements of swing but retains its fast-paced and energetic triple-rhythm.
Musical Information
Tempo: 42-48 measures per min / 168-192 beats per min
Timing: 4/4
Rhythm: 1 2, 1 a2, 1 a2
Syllabus
Newcomer
1. Basic in Place
2. Fallaway Rock
3. Fallaway Throwaway
4. Link: Flick Ball Change or Hesitation Ball Change
5. Change of Places Right to Left
6. Change of Places Left to Right
7. Change of Hands Behind the Back
8. Hip Bump
Bronze
9. American Spin
10. Walks
11. Stop and Go
12. Mooch
13. Whip
14. Whip Throwaway
Silver
15. Reverse Whip
16. Windmill
17. Spanish Arms
18. Rolling Off The Arm
19. Simple Spin
20. Miami Special
Gold
21. Curly Whip
22. Shoulder Spin
23. Toe Heel Swivels
24. Chugging
25. Chicken Walks
26. Catapult
27. Stalking Walks, Flicks and Break
Waltz
Description
Waltz originated as a country folk dance born in the seventeenth century suburbs of Austria and Bavaria. When first introduced into the English ballrooms in the early 1800s, the Waltz was denounced for its vulgarity and immorality... this was, after all, the first time society had seen this outrageous dance position, with the man holding the lady so close to his body.
Waltz is a smooth dance, traveling around the line of dance. It is characterized primarily by its rise and fall action, accompanied by leg and body swing. Turning movements in both directions are prevalent.
Musical Information
Tempo: 30 measures per min / 90 beats per min
Timing: 3/4
Rhythm: 123 123 (strong accent on 1)
Syllabus
Newcomer
1. Closed Changes
2. Natural Turn
3. Reverse Turn
4. Natural Spin Turn
5. Whisk
6. Chasse from Promenade Position
Bronze
7. Closed Impetus
8. Hesitation Change
9. Outside Change
10. Reverse Corte
11. Back Whisk
12. Basic Weave
13. Double Reverse Spin
14. Reverse Pivot
15. Back Lock
16. Progressive Chasse to Right
Silver
17. Weave from Promenade Position
18. Closed Telemark
19. Open Telemark and Cross Hesitation
20. Open Telemark and Wing
21. Open Impetus and Cross Hesitation
22. Open Impetus and Wing
23. Outside Spin
24. Turning Lock
Gold
25. Left Whisk
26. Contra Check
27. Closed Wing
28. Turning Lock to Right
29. Fallaway Reverse and Slip Pivot
30. Hover Corte
Quickstep
Description
The Quickstep is derived from the Foxtrot. During the twenties, many bands played the Slow Foxtrot too fast for the large open steps to be danced gracefully. By mixing the original Charleston and the fast foxtrot, the English developed the "Quicktime Foxtrot and Charleston". In the 'Star' Championships of 1927, the English couple Frank Ford and Molly Spain danced a version of this "Quicktime Foxtrot and Charleston" without the characteristic Charleston knee actions. The faster foxtrot, influenced by the swing music of the 1920s, developed into the Quickstep with the characteristic chassÚs steps.
Musical Information
Tempo: 50-52 measures per min / 200-208 beats per min
Timing: 4/4
Rhythm: Slow-Quick-Quick
Syllabus
Newcomer
1. Quarter Turn to Right
2. Progressive Chasse
3. Forward Lock
4. Natural Turn
5. Natural Turn with Hesitation
6. Natural Pivot Turn
7. Natural Spin Turn
8. Chasse Reverse Turn
Bronze
9. Closed Impetus
10. Back Lock
11. Reverse Pivot
12. Progressive Chasse to Right
13. Tipple Chasse to Right
14. Running Finish
15. Natural Turn and Back Lock
16. Double Reverse Spin
Additional. Cross Chasse
Additional. Change of Direction
Silver
17. Quick Open Reverse
18. Fishtail
19. Running Right Turn
20. Four Quick Run
21. V6
22. Closed Telemark
Gold
23. Cross Swivel
24. Six Quick Run
25. Rumba Cross
26. Tipsy to Right and Left
27. Hover Corte
Tango
Description
Tango was born in Buenos Aires in the late 19th century from a variety of musical cltures. Its name possibly comes from the Latin word tangere, "to touch". Tango dancing began as a lower class pantomime of communication between prostitute and pimp. In the early 1900s, a less vulgar form was exported to France, where it was further refined and quickly gained popularity with the Parisian high society. Classy clothes, ballrooms, lyrics, and a "tango" orchestra, popularized the dance for the rich of Europe and the USA. Throughout the Tango's evolution, the passionate translation of emotions into dance always remained constant.
Musical Information
Tempo: 32-33 measures per min / 128-132 beats per min
Timing: 4/4
Rhythm: Quick-Quick-Slow
Syllabus
Newcomer
1. Basic Walks
2. Progressive Side Step
3. Progressive Link
4. Closed Promenade
5. Rock Turn
6. Open Reverse Turn, Lady Outside
7. Back Corte
Bronze
8. Open Reverse Turn, Lady In-Line
9. Progressive Side Step Reverse Turn
10. Open Promenade
11. Left Foot and Right Foot Rocks
12. Natural Twist Turn
13. Natural Promenade Turn
Silver
14. Promenade Link
15. Four Step
16. Back Open Promenade
17. Outside Swivels
18. Fallaway Promenade
19. Four Step Change
20. Brush Tap
Gold
21. Fallaway Four Step
22. Oversway
23. Basic Reverse Turn
24. The Chase
25. Fallaway Reverse and Slip Pivot
26. Five Step
27. Contra Check
Foxtrot
Description
The Foxtrot was actually introduced into the mainstream by Harry Fox in 1913. The original Foxtrot was moderately fast, simple and unrefined. The popularity of the dance stemmed from its overall versatility and rhythmic variation. In the early 30s, Foxtrot began to take on a smoother and more flowing quality as the more exciting atin dances began to hit the scene. A modified version called the Slow Foxtrot was evolved by the English, and is the technical basis for th version we now have.
Foxtrot is similar to Waltz (long walking movements, rise and fall action, leg and body swing).
Musical Information
Tempo: 26-30 measures per min / 104-120 beats per min
Timing: 4/4
Rhythm: Slow-Quick-Quick
Syllabus
Newcomer
1. Feather Step
2. Three Step
3. Natural Turn
4. Reverse Turn and Feather Finish
5. Closed Impetus and Feather Finish
Bronze
6. Natural Weave
7. Change of Direction
8. Basic Weave
Silver
9. Closed Telemark
10. Open Telemark and Feather Ending
11. Top Spin
12. Hover Feather
13. Hover Telemark
14. Natural Telemark
15. Hover Cross
16. Open Telemark, Natural Turn and Outside Swivel
17. Open Impetus
18. Weave from Promenade Position
19. Reverse Wave
Gold
20. Natural Twist Turn
21. Curved Feather to Back Feather
22. Natural Zig Zag from Promenade Position
23. Fallaway Reverse and Slip Pivot
24. Natural Hover Telemark
25. Bounce Fallaway with Weave Ending